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youth baseball arm strength drills – youth baseball arm strength drills – baseball-humour

youth baseball arm strength drills
Developing arm strength in youth baseball players is crucial for improving throwing velocity, accuracy, and overall arm health. Here are some effective arm strength drills tailored for youth baseball players:

1. Long Toss Program

  • Description: Long toss involves gradually increasing the distance of throws to build arm strength and improve arm action.
  • Execution: Start at shorter distances (30-40 feet) and progressively move farther apart (up to 150-200 feet). Focus on proper throwing mechanics, using a crow-hop if needed for longer distances.
  • Benefits: Enhances arm endurance, velocity, and accuracy by strengthening the shoulder and developing a fluid throwing motion.

2. Plyometric Drills

  • Description: Plyometric exercises help develop explosive power and speed in the throwing motion.
  • Examples:
    • Medicine Ball Throws: Perform chest passes, overhead throws, and rotational throws with a weighted medicine ball (appropriate weight for the player’s age).
    • Plyo Push-Ups: Explosive push-ups where hands leave the ground, mimicking the arm action of a throw.
  • Benefits: Improves arm speed and throwing velocity by engaging fast-twitch muscle fibers.

3. Resistance Band Exercises

  • Description: Resistance bands provide variable resistance throughout the throwing motion, targeting specific muscle groups.
  • Examples:
    • Band Pull-Aparts: Hold a resistance band with arms extended and pull apart to shoulder width.
    • External Rotation: Attach a band to a stable object, hold it with the throwing arm, and rotate the arm outward against resistance.
  • Benefits: Strengthens shoulder stabilizers, improves arm endurance, and enhances throwing mechanics.

4. Balance and Stability Drills

  • Description: These drills focus on improving balance, core strength, and stability, which are essential for efficient throwing mechanics and injury prevention.
  • Examples:
    • Single-Leg Stance: Stand on one leg while performing light tossing or catching drills to challenge balance.
    • Plank Variations: Perform front, side, and reverse planks to strengthen the core muscles that support the throwing motion.
  • Benefits: Enhances overall body control, leading to more efficient and powerful throws.

5. Interval Throwing Program

  • Description: A structured program that alternates periods of throwing and rest to build arm endurance and recovery.
  • Execution: Start with short, high-intensity throwing sessions (e.g., 20 throws) followed by adequate rest periods (e.g., 1-2 minutes). Gradually increase the number of throws and intensity over time.
  • Benefits: Develops arm stamina and improves recovery time between throws, reducing the risk of arm fatigue and injury.

6. Core Strengthening Exercises

  • Description: A strong core stabilizes the body during the throwing motion, allowing for efficient energy transfer and reducing strain on the arm.
  • Examples:
    • Russian Twists: Sit on the ground, hold a medicine ball or weight, and rotate the torso from side to side.
    • Leg Raises: Lie on your back and raise your legs off the ground while keeping the lower back pressed into the floor.
  • Benefits: Improves rotational power, balance, and overall throwing efficiency.


  • Proper Mechanics: Emphasize correct throwing mechanics throughout drills to avoid overuse injuries.
  • Progression: Start with lighter weights or shorter distances and gradually increase intensity and difficulty as players develop strength and proficiency.
  • Rest and Recovery: Allow adequate rest between drills and sessions to prevent overtraining and promote muscle recovery.

Implementing these arm strength drills into a comprehensive training program can help youth baseball players develop strong, healthy throwing arms capable of performing at their best on the field.

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